About nutrition

I had requests about nutrition, proportions and food value. Below are two tables and a cookie recipe, which can be found in The Inuit Dog of the Polar North with more detailed explanations.

Fat 50 to 60% of the calories from animal sources
Protein 30 to 35 % of the calories from animal sources
Carbs 10 to 15 % of the calories
1kg meat 2,250 cal 1 lb meat 1,000 cal
100 g liver    190 cal 4 oz    190 cal
100 g organs    100 cal 4 oz    100 cal
1 kg fat 9,000 cal 1 lb fat 4,000 cal
1 cup cooked lentils/rice 116/130 cal
1 cooked egg      90 cal
1 tbsp vegetable oil    130 cal



3 cups of corn flour
3 tsp baking powder
3 tbsp vegetable oil
2 cups of water – (approx.)

Make a thick dough by mixing all the ingredients, adding water a little at a time. Press dough onto a greased cookie sheet.
Cook for ten minutes at 450°. Take out of the oven and score the dough into squares (32 squares on a standard cookie sheet). Put back in the oven for 20 minutes.
This recipe makes firm cookies. The dogs love them so much they will do anything for one. Bonus, they chew them, so it is good for their teeth.

The old dog

It has been brought to my attention lately that a number of aging Inuit sled dogs were lacking energy on and off, that they were having goop in the eyes, not just a waking up goop, but a real yellowish abundant matter, that some were having loss of hair with consequent skin irritation. Vets, who on the whole know very little about the Inuit dog, didn’t recognize a simple problem: lack of zinc.

While the dogs are young a 10 mg supplement is enough to boost whatever they get in their food. As they age – and the time varies with their location – they require more zinc.

By the time my dogs reach 9 years I double the dose, 20 mg daily, later 25 mg . Manitoba climate has temperatures of -30° C (-22°F), or below in winter, and up to 32° C (85° F) in summer. Quite a range. This might give you an idea where you’re in that range and decide whether your dogs will age slower or quicker.

If your old dogs have yellowish matter in the eyes, or have coat (like not shedding properly), skin troubles, or lack energy off and on, give each dog 50 mg of zinc daily – I expect you would be cleaning the eyes already, so continue. Improvements will be seen within a week if the zinc deficiency is not too advanced. It’ll take longer if the deficiency has lasted some time. When everything is back in order and the old dog is perky again, 25 mg will be sufficient to maintain his good condition.

Last word: do NOT rely on kibble (even the best quality) to give the Inuit dog all that he needs.


Officially spring has arrived but in some areas dog sledding is at its best with snow and long days. Where the temperatures have warmed enough to start melting the snow, or have melted it, Inuit dogs might experience a slump when they are not so interested in food and seem to lack the energy for running. Just like for people, it takes a few days for their body to adjust. At this time, a lesser amount of food is needed though the proportions must remain the same, except for the fat which should be reduced to a token to keep the dog’s metabolism on track and food quantity adjusted for the summer. See the nutrition post. nutrition

Flies, Mosquitoes, Woodticks

For the last two years, I have been using a liquid product for horses, called in Canada UltraShield X, made by Absorbine, to protect my dogs from the pests that live in the bush. External products that are made for horses are good for dogs, and Aborbine now make the same UltraShield for pet protection.

It has proven to be very effective. It is a spray but but that wouldn’t work so well with a dog and I wouldn’t want to spray any in the face. I soak a sponge and rub each dog thoroughly through the hair, particularly around the face and ears. It lasts as much as a week, providing it doesn’t rain, and is more effective than the previous products I have used.

Absorbine is an US product and is called UltraShield in the US. www.absorbine.com

About fat in the summer

In order to keep the Inuit dog on an even metabolism, he needs to continue to have a portion of fat in the summer. Nothing more than the size of a thumb, but essential. During fall, the portion will increase until the full portion for winter. Notice I am not quoting any amount nor do I specify a date for fall as Inuit dogs are located in different climates. For instance, if 20 g of fat is adequate in the U.K. it is too little in northern Minnesota, and way too little in Nunavut.


Inuit Sled Dog International


The Inuit Sled Dog International(ISDI) organization has for its goal the preservation of the Inuit dog in its purest form as a working dog. The ISDI concentrates its efforts on restoring the Inuit dog in its native habitat and acting as a resource for this unique dog of ancient lineage.


Inuit dogs DO NOT assimilate any cereals. Never give an Inuit dog kibble, no matter how good it claims to be – even though I stated that if there is nothing else, a grain free kibble is acceptable – because it still contains a whole lot of fillers – including psyllium, which serves to congeal food inside the intestines and can prevent diarrhea. Such diet could lead to bloat too.

However, the Inuit dog thrives on raw muscle meat, liver, tongue and heart with cooked lentils, a little vegetable oil and fat. He has a fantastic digestive system when fed the right food.

For a working female in a temperate climate (Add 20% of all the ingredients for a working male in a temperate climate):

450 g (½ pound) of good ground beef or any animal meat available (pork is never a great success) – medium not too fat but not the lean variety
– 50 g (2 oz) of beef liver
– 50 g of beef heart and tongue
– 20 g fat
– 10 mg of zinc
– 1 cup of cooked lentils (good and cheap are the Laird’s lentils, also called green lentils) – it takes about 20 to 30 minutes (may vary) to cook one cup of raw lentils which gives almost two cups of cooked lentils. Always use the cooking water in the mix.
– 1 tblsp of vegetable oil
Prior to cooking the lentils, rinse them with water and pick them over to remove any impurities like minute stones. Lentils are a field crop and sometimes a tiny stone is missed in the screening process.


For those who wonder why I chose lentils. Here is the composition of lentils:
The % represents the daily requirements.
200 g = 230 cal –
Carb = 39.9 g  – 13 % (DR)
Fiber = 15.6 g – 63%
Sugars = 3.6 g
Protein = 17.9 g – 36%

Vitamin A 15.8 – IU 0%
Vitamin C 3.0 – mg 5%
Vitamin D ~
Vitamin E (Alpha Tocopherol) 0.2 mg – 1%
Vitamin K 3.4 mcg  – 4%
Thiamin 0.3 mg – 22%
Riboflavin 0.1 mg – 9%
Niacin 2.1mg – 10%
Vitamin B6 0.4 mg – 18%
Folate 358 mcg – 90%
Vitamin B12 0.0 mcg – 0%
Pantothenic Acid 1.3 mg – 13%
Choline 64.7 mg –

Calcium 37.6 mg – 4%
Iron 6.6 mg – 37%
Magnesium 71.3 mg – 18%
Phosphorus 356 mg – 36%
Potassium 731 mg – 21%
Sodium 4.0 mg – 0%
Zinc 2.5 mg – 17%
Copper 0.5 mg – 25%
Manganese 1.0 mg – 49%
Selenium 5.5 mcg – 8%

Fats and fatty acids

Total Fat 0.8 g – 1%
Saturated Fat 0.1 g – 1%
Monounsaturated Fat 0.1 g –
Polyunsaturated Fat 0.3 g –
Total trans fatty acids ~
Total trans-monoenoic fatty acids ~
Total trans-polyenoic fatty acids ~
Total Omega-3 fatty acids 73.3 mg –
Total Omega-6 fatty acids 271 mg